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Role of Thiol Oxidation by Air in the Mechanism of the Self-Initiated Thermal Thiol-ene Polymerization

Abstract : A spontaneous thiol-ene polymerization has been reported in the literature for a broad range of monomers, generally under conditions avoiding solvent, heating and the intentional formation of radicals. In the search for a mechanism accountable to self-initiated thiol-ene polymerization, this study demonstrates the significant role played by thiyl radicals produced by thiol oxidation through dissolved atmospheric oxygen in the thiol-ene mixture. To determine the factors underlying the reactivity, self-initiated polymerization kinetics, thiol solvation and the nature of initiating radicals are studied by means of various techniques including real-time FTIR, 1 H NMR spectroscopy and spin-trapping experiments. Our data support that the driving force for thiol air oxidation is the polarization of the S-H bond. Thiol substituents with electron-withdrawing properties and/or hydrogen-bonded thiol-solvent (or thiol-alkene) complexes favor self-initiation by increasing S-H bond polarization, thereby easing an electron transfer to molecular oxygen.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03455211
Contributor : Abraham Chemtob Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 29, 2021 - 3:27:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:48:30 AM

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Cuong Minh Quoc Le, Fabrice Morlet-Savary, Abraham Chemtob. Role of Thiol Oxidation by Air in the Mechanism of the Self-Initiated Thermal Thiol-ene Polymerization. Polymer Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry - RSC, 2021, 12 (45), pp.6594-6605. ⟨10.1039/D1PY01301G⟩. ⟨hal-03455211⟩

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