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Ensifer aridi LMR001T Symbiosis and Tolerance to Stress Do Not Require the Alternative Sigma Factor RpoE2

Abstract : The recently proposed species Ensifer aridi represents an interesting model to study adaptive mechanisms explaining its maintenance under stressful pedo-climatic conditions. To get insights into functions associated with hyperosmotic stress adaptation in E. aridi, we first performed RNAseq profiling of cells grown under sub-lethal stresses applied by permeating (NaCl) and non-permeating (PEG8000) solutes that were compared to a transcriptome from unstressed bacteria. Then an a priori approach, consisting of targeted mutagenesis of the gene encoding alternative sigma factor (rpoE2), involved in the General Stress Response combined with phenotyping and promoter gfp fusion-based reporter assays of selected genes was carried out to examine the involvement of rpoE2 in symbiosis and stress response. The majority of motility and chemotaxis genes were repressed by both stresses. Results also suggest accumulation of compatible solute trehalose under stress and other metabolisms such as inositol catabolism or the methionine cycling-generating S-adenosyl methionine appears strongly induced notably under salt stress. Interestingly, many functions regulated by salt were shown to favor competitiveness for nodulation in other rhizobia, supporting a role of stress genes for proper symbiosis’ development and functioning. However, despite activation of the general stress response and identification of several genes possibly under its control, our data suggest that rpoE2 was not essential for stress tolerance and symbiosis’ development, indicating that E. aridi possesses alternative regulatory mechanisms to adapt and respond to stressful environments.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03443021
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 12:46:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 3:05:12 PM

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Meryem Belfquih, Ilham Sakrouhi, Hassan Ait-Benhassou, Emeric Dubois, Dany Severac, et al.. Ensifer aridi LMR001T Symbiosis and Tolerance to Stress Do Not Require the Alternative Sigma Factor RpoE2. Agronomy, MDPI, 2021, 11 (9), ⟨10.3390/agronomy11091787⟩. ⟨hal-03443021⟩

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