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Retrospective assessment of pregnancy exposure to particulate matter from desert dust on a Caribbean island: could satellite-based aerosol optical thickness be used as an alternative to ground PM10 concentration?

Abstract : Desert dust transported from the Saharan-Sahel region to the Caribbean Sea is responsible for peak exposures of particulate matter (PM). This study explored the potential added value of satellite aerosol optical thickness (AOT) measurements, compared to the PM concentration at ground level, to retrospectively assess exposure during pregnancy. MAIAC MODIS AOT retrievals in blue band (AOT(470)) were extracted for the French Guadeloupe archipelago. AOT(470) values and PM10 concentrations were averaged over pregnancy for 906 women (2005-2008). Regression modeling was used to examine the AOT(470)-PM10 relationship during pregnancy and test the association between dust exposure estimates and preterm birth. Moderate agreement was shown between mean AOT(470) retrievals and PM10 ground-based measurements during pregnancy (R-2 = 0.289). The magnitude of the association between desert dust exposure and preterm birth tended to be lower using the satellite method compared to the monitor method. The latter remains an acceptable trade-off between epidemiological relevance and exposure misclassification, in areas with few monitoring stations and complex topographical/meteorological conditions, such as tropical islands.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03131163
Contributor : Xavier Chard-Hutchinson <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 3:27:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 3:39:45 PM

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Stephane Tuffier, Erika Upegui, Christina Raghoumandan, J.-F. Viel. Retrospective assessment of pregnancy exposure to particulate matter from desert dust on a Caribbean island: could satellite-based aerosol optical thickness be used as an alternative to ground PM10 concentration?. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s11356-020-12204-x⟩. ⟨hal-03131163⟩

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