YB-1, an abundant core mRNA-binding protein, has the capacity to form an RNA nucleoprotein filament: a structural analysis

Abstract : The structural rearrangements accompanying mRNA during translation in mammalian cells remain poorly understood. Here, we discovered that YB-1 (YBX1), a major partner of mRNAs in the cytoplasm, forms a linear nucleoprotein filament with mRNA, when part of the YB-1 unstructured C-terminus has been truncated. YB-1 possesses a cold-shock domain (CSD), a remnant of bacterial cold shock proteins that have the ability to stimulate translation under the low temperatures through an RNA chaperone activity. The structure of the nucleoprotein filament indicates that the CSD of YB-1 preserved its chaperone activity also in eukaryotes and shows that mRNA is channeled between consecutive CSDs. The energy benefit needed for the formation of stable nucleoprotein filament relies on an electrostatic zipper mediated by positively charged amino acid residues in the YB-1 C-terminus. Thus, YB-1 displays a structural plasticity to unfold structured mRNAs into extended linear filaments. We anticipate that our findings will shed the light on the scanning of mRNAs by ribosomes during the initiation and elongation steps of mRNA translation.
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Dmitry Kretov, Marie-Jeanne Clément, Guillaume Lambert, Dominique Durand, Dmitry Lyabin, et al.. YB-1, an abundant core mRNA-binding protein, has the capacity to form an RNA nucleoprotein filament: a structural analysis. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2019, 47 (6), pp.3127-3141. ⟨10.1093/nar/gky1303⟩. ⟨hal-02114790⟩

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