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Causes of abortion in dairy cows in Uruguay

Abstract : A case series study was conducted to determine the frequency of causes of abortion in dairy cattle in Uruguay. The sample size of 102 cases was composed of 53 fetuses, 35 fetuses with placentas, and 14 placentas without an associated fetus. All cases underwent gross and microscopic pathologic examinations as well as microbiological and serological testing. The etiology was determined in 54 (53%) of cases, 51 of which were caused by infectious agents. Within the observed 102 cases, 30 (29%) were caused by Neospora caninum, six (6%) by Coxiella burnetii and two (2%) by Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis. Bovine Parainfluenza-3 virus and Salmonella enterica serovar Newport caused one abortion each. Opportunistic bacteria (Escherichia coli, Streptococcus sp., Staphylococcus sp., Mannheimia sp., Trueperella pyogenes, and Providencia stuartii) were associated with 11 abortions. In two cases the fetal death was attributed to dystocia, and in one case the fetus had a congenital mesothelioma. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection was identified in three fetuses; two of which were co-infected with and had typical lesions of N. caninum. No lesions were observed in the other fetus infected by BVDV. Leptospira interrogans was identified in one fetus without lesions. Despite the relatively low overall success rate in establishing an etiological diagnosis in cases of abortion in cattle, a systemic workup of bovine abortion is necessary to establish prevention and control strategies. This also facilitates monitoring and surveillance of reproductive diseases in dairy cattle, some of which represent a risk to public health.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 2:39:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 6:30:43 PM


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Melissa Macías-Rioseco, Caroline Silveira, Martin Fraga, Laura Casaux, Andrés Cabrera, et al.. Causes of abortion in dairy cows in Uruguay. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA, 2020, 40 (5), pp.325-332. ⟨10.1590/1678-5150-PVB-6550⟩. ⟨pasteur-03246634⟩



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