The preclinical set-up at the ID17 biomedical beamline to achieve high local dose deposition using interlaced microbeams

Abstract : Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT) uses spatially a fractionated "white beam" (energies 50-350 keV) irradiation from a Synchrotron Source. The typical microbeams used at ID17 are 25-100 mu m-thick, spaced by 200-400 mu m, and carry extremely high dose rates (up to about 16 kGy/s). These microbeams are well tolerated by biological tissue, i.e. up to several hundred of Gy in the peaks. When valley doses, caused by Compton scattering in between two microbeams, remain within a dose regime similar to conventional RT, a superior tumour control can be achieved with MRT than with conventional RT. The normal tissue tolerance of these microscopically small beams is outstanding and well documented in the literature. The hypothesis of a differential effect in particular on the vasculature of normal versus tumoral tissue might best be proven by using large animal models with spontaneous tumors instead of small laboratory animals with transplantable tumors, an ongoing project on ID17. An alternative approach to deposit a high dose, while preserving the feature of the spatial separation of these microbeams outside the target has opened up new applications in preclinical research. The instrumentation of this method to produce such interlaced beams is presented with an outlook on the challenges to build a treatment platform for human patients. Dose measurements using Gafchromic films exposed in interlaced geometries with their steep profiles highlight the potential to deposit radiotoxic doses in the vicinity of radiosensitive tissues
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Communication dans un congrès
11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI), Jul 2012, Lyon, France. 425, 4 p., 2013, Journal of Physics Conference Series. 〈10.1088/1742-6596/425/2/022001〉
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E. Braeuer-Krisch, C. Nemoz, Th Brochard, G. Berruyer, M. Renier, et al.. The preclinical set-up at the ID17 biomedical beamline to achieve high local dose deposition using interlaced microbeams. 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI), Jul 2012, Lyon, France. 425, 4 p., 2013, Journal of Physics Conference Series. 〈10.1088/1742-6596/425/2/022001〉. 〈hal-01572915〉

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