Etude de la fonction de Patj dans la régulation de la polarité épithéliale.

Abstract : Apico-basal polarity is required for epithelium development, function and integrity. Polarization is defined by a network of polarity proteins that are localized asymmetrically and the dynamic interplay between them. Crb is a key determinant of the apical domain, necessary and sufficient for its identity. Patj, a protein containing a L27 domain and four PDZs domains, has been identified as a core component of the Crb complex, as it interacts with Crb through Sdt. But its function remains elusive. During my thesis I investigated Patj function in Drosophila. Patj mutation is lethal and induces a decrease of Crb from the apical domain in the follicular epithelium, but not in embryonic epithelium. Thus, Patj function is tissue-specific. Patj positively regulates Crb, and the PDZ1 or PDZ4 together with the L27 domain of Patj are sufficient for its function. Then, I focused on the molecular mechanism underlying Crb regulation. In vivo analysis suggests that Patj regulates Crb stability indirectly by modulating its ability to recruit apical proteins. Biochemical and genetics analyses allow showing that in addition of its indirect interaction through Sdt, Patj interacts directly with Crb through its PDZ1 and PDZ4. Extra-cellular dimerisation of Crb is involved in a feedback promoting its apical localization. Patj with Crb direct interaction could participate to this feedback via an intra- cellular dimerisation, allowing Crumbs oligomerisation at the apical membrane. In addition, I have seen that Patj is redundant with Lin-7, another core component of Crb complex, for apico- basal polarity. In conclusion my thesis work provides new clues for the understanding of epithelial polarity regulation.
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Clothilde Penalva. Etude de la fonction de Patj dans la régulation de la polarité épithéliale.. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CLF1MM25⟩. ⟨tel-01889245⟩

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