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Journal Articles Ageing Research Reviews - ARR Year : 2021

Monoamine oxidases in age-associated diseases: New perspectives for old enzymes

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Abstract

Population aging is one of the most significant social changes of the twenty-first century. This increase in longevity is associated with a higher prevalence of chronic diseases, further rising healthcare costs. At the molecular level, cellular senescence has been identified as a major process in age-associated diseases, as accumulation of senescent cells with aging leads to progressive organ dysfunction. Of particular importance, mitochondrial oxidative stress and consequent organelle alterations have been pointed out as key players in the aging process, by both inducing and maintaining cellular senescence. Monoamine oxidases (MAOs), a class of enzymes that catalyze the degradation of catecholamines and biogenic amines, have been increasingly recognized as major producers of mitochondrial ROS. Although well-known in the brain, evidence showing that MAOs are also expressed in a variety of peripheral organs stimulated a growing interest in the extra-cerebral roles of these enzymes. Besides, the fact that MAO-A and/or MAO-B are frequently upregulated in aged or dysfunctional organs has uncovered new perspectives on their roles in pathological aging. In this review, we will give an overview of the major results on the regulation and function of MAOs in aging and age-related diseases, paying a special attention to the mechanisms linked to the increased degradation of MAO substrates or related to MAO-dependent ROS formation.
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inserm-03904063 , version 1 (21-12-2022)

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Yohan Santin, Jessica Resta, Angelo Parini, Jeanne Mialet-Perez. Monoamine oxidases in age-associated diseases: New perspectives for old enzymes. Ageing Research Reviews - ARR, 2021, 66, pp.101256. ⟨10.1016/j.arr.2021.101256⟩. ⟨inserm-03904063⟩
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