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The role of cerebellum in the child neuropsychological functioning

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Abstract

This chapter proposes a review of neuropsychologic and behavior findings in pediatric pathologies of the cerebellum, including cerebellar malformations, pediatric ataxias, cerebellar tumors, and other acquired cerebellar injuries during childhood. The chapter also contains reviews of the cerebellar mutism/posterior fossa syndrome, reported cognitive associations with the development of the cerebellum in typically developing children and subjects born preterm, and the role of the cerebellum in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and developmental dyslexia. Cognitive findings in pediatric cerebellar disorders are considered in the context of known cerebellocerebral connections, internal cellular organization of the cerebellum, the idea of a universal cerebellar transform and computational internal models, and the role of the cerebellum in specific cognitive and motor functions, such as working memory, language, timing, or control of eye movements. The chapter closes with a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the cognitive affective syndrome as it has been described in children and some conclusions and perspectives.
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inserm-03896232 , version 1 (13-12-2022)

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Georges Dellatolas, Hugo Câmara-Costa. The role of cerebellum in the child neuropsychological functioning. Neurocognitive Development: Normative Development, 173, Elsevier, pp.265-304, 2020, Handbook of Clinical Neurology, ⟨10.1016/B978-0-444-64150-2.00023-X⟩. ⟨inserm-03896232⟩
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