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Journal Articles Ultraschall in der Medizin Year : 2019

Wall Shear Stress Measurement by Ultrafast Vector Flow Imaging for Atherosclerotic Carotid Stenosis

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Abstract

Objective: Carotid plaque vulnerability assessment could guide the decision to perform endarterectomy. Ultrafast ultrasound imaging (UF) can evaluate local flow velocities over an entire 2D image, allowing measurement of the wall shear stress (WSS). We aimed at evaluating the feasibility of WSS measurement in a prospective series of patients with carotid stenosis. Methods: UF acquisitions, performed with a linear probe, had an effective frame rate of 5000 Hz. The flow velocity was imaged over the entire plaque area. WSS was computed with the vector field speed using the formula: with the blood velocity and μ, the blood viscosity. The WSS measurement method was validated using a calibrated phantom. In vivo, WSS was analyzed in 5 areas of the carotid wall: common carotid artery, plaque ascent, plaque peak, plaque descent, internal carotid artery. Results: Good correlation was found between in vitro measurement and the theoretical WSS values (R2 = 0.95; p < 0.001). 33 patients were prospectively evaluated, with a median carotid stenosis degree of 80 % [75-85]. The maximum WSS value over the cardiac cycle follows the shape of the plaque with an increase during the ascent, reaching its maximum value of 3.25 Pa [2.26-4.38] at the peak of the plaque, and a decrease after passing of the peak (0.93 Pa [0.80-1.19]) lower than the WSS values in the non-stenotic areas (1.47 Pa [1.12-1.77] for the common carotid artery). Conclusion: UF allowed local and direct evaluation of the plaque's WSS, thus better characterizing local hemodynamics to identify areas of vulnerability. Key points: · Ultrafast vector Doppler allows calculation of the wall shear stress (WSS) by measuring velocity vectors over the entire 2D image.. · The setup to measure the WSS has been validated in vitro on a linear flow phantom by comparing measurements to in silico calculations.. · Applying this method to carotid plaque allows us to better describe the hemodynamic constraints that apply along the entire length of the plaque..
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Dates and versions

inserm-03879451 , version 1 (30-11-2022)

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Guillaume Goudot, Jonathan Poree, Olivier Pedreira, Lina Khider, Pierre Julia, et al.. Wall Shear Stress Measurement by Ultrafast Vector Flow Imaging for Atherosclerotic Carotid Stenosis. Ultraschall in der Medizin, 2019, 42 (3), pp.297 - 305. ⟨10.1055/a-1060-0529⟩. ⟨inserm-03879451⟩
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