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Journal Articles Annals of Intensive Care Year : 2020

Respiratory mechanics and gas exchanges in the early course of COVID-19 ARDS: a hypothesis-generating study

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Guillaume Goudot
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Abstract

Rationale: COVID-19 ARDS could differ from typical forms of the syndrome. Objective: Pulmonary microvascular injury and thrombosis are increasingly reported as constitutive features of COVID-19 respiratory failure. Our aim was to study pulmonary mechanics and gas exchanges in COVID-2019 ARDS patients studied early after initiating protective invasive mechanical ventilation, seeking after corresponding pathophysiological and biological characteristics. Methods: Between March 22 and March 30, 2020 respiratory mechanics, gas exchanges, circulating endothelial cells (CEC) as markers of endothelial damage, and D-dimers were studied in 22 moderate-to-severe COVID-19 ARDS patients, 1 [1-4] day after intubation (median [IQR]). Measurements and main results: Thirteen moderate and 9 severe COVID-19 ARDS patients were studied after initiation of high PEEP protective mechanical ventilation. We observed moderately decreased respiratory system compliance: 39.5 [33.1-44.7] mL/cmH 2 O and end-expiratory lung volume: 2100 [1721-2434] mL. Gas exchanges were characterized by hypercapnia 55 [44-62] mmHg, high physiological dead-space (V D /V T): 75 [69-85.5] % and ventilatory ratio (VR): 2.9 [2.2-3.4]. V D /V T and VR were significantly correlated: r 2 = 0.24, p = 0.014. No pulmonary embolism was suspected at the time of measurements. CECs and D-dimers were elevated as compared to normal values: 24 [12-46] cells per mL and 1483 [999-2217] ng/mL, respectively. Conclusions: We observed early in the course of COVID-19 ARDS high V D /V T in association with biological markers of endothelial damage and thrombosis. High V D /V T can be explained by high PEEP settings and added instrumental dead space, with a possible associated role of COVID-19-triggered pulmonary microvascular endothelial damage and microthrombotic process.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03877658 , version 1 (29-11-2022)

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J-L Diehl, N Peron, R Chocron, B Debuc, E Guerot, et al.. Respiratory mechanics and gas exchanges in the early course of COVID-19 ARDS: a hypothesis-generating study. Annals of Intensive Care, 2020, 10 (1), pp.95. ⟨10.1186/s13613-020-00716-1⟩. ⟨inserm-03877658⟩

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