Design, Synthesis, and Antiprotozoal Evaluation of New Promising 2,9-Bis[(substituted-aminomethyl)]-4,7-phenyl-1,10phenanthroline Derivatives, a Potential Alternative Scaffold to Drug Efflux - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pathogens Year : 2022

Design, Synthesis, and Antiprotozoal Evaluation of New Promising 2,9-Bis[(substituted-aminomethyl)]-4,7-phenyl-1,10phenanthroline Derivatives, a Potential Alternative Scaffold to Drug Efflux

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Clotilde Boudot
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1039629
Bertrand Courtioux
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 855399

Abstract

A series of novel 2,9-bis[(substituted-aminomethyl)]-4,7-phenyl-1,10-phenanthroline derivatives was designed, synthesized, and evaluated in vitro against three protozoan parasites (Plasmodium falciparum, Leishmania donovani and Trypanosoma brucei brucei). Pharmacological results showed antiprotozoal activity with IC50 values in the sub and μM range. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of these original molecules was assessed with human HepG2 cells. The substituted diphenylphenanthroline 1l was identified as the most potent antimalarial derivative with a ratio of cytotoxic to antiparasitic activities of 505.7 against the P. falciparum CQ-resistant strain W2. Against the promastigote forms of L. donovani, the phenanthrolines 1h, 1j, 1n and 1o were the most active with IC50 from 2.52 to 4.50 μM. The phenanthroline derivative 1o was also identified as the most potent trypanosomal candidate with a selectivity index (SI) of 91 on T. brucei brucei strain. FRET melting and native mass spectrometry experiments evidenced that the nitrogen heterocyclic derivatives bind the telomeric G-quadruplexes of P. falciparum and Trypanosoma. Moreover, as the telomeres of the parasites P. falciparum and Trypanosoma could be considered to be possible targets of this kind of nitrogen heterocyclic derivatives, their potential ability to stabilize the parasitic telomeric G-quadruplexes have been determined through the FRET melting assay and by native mass spectrometry.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03850360 , version 1 (13-11-2022)

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Jean Guillon, Anita Cohen, Clotilde Boudot, Sarah Monic, Solène Savrimoutou, et al.. Design, Synthesis, and Antiprotozoal Evaluation of New Promising 2,9-Bis[(substituted-aminomethyl)]-4,7-phenyl-1,10phenanthroline Derivatives, a Potential Alternative Scaffold to Drug Efflux. Pathogens, 2022, 11 (11), pp.1339. ⟨10.3390/pathogens11111339⟩. ⟨inserm-03850360⟩
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