Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) to Dissect the Underlying Mechanisms of Bone Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease and Rare Renal Diseases - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Osteoporosis Reports Year : 2021

Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) to Dissect the Underlying Mechanisms of Bone Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease and Rare Renal Diseases

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Abstract

Purpose of review: To describe the methods that can be used to obtain functional and mature osteoclasts from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and report the data obtained with this model in two peculiar diseases, namely pediatric chronic kidney disease-associated mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) and nephropathic cystinosis. To discuss future research possibilities in the field. Recent findings: Bone tissue undergoes continuous remodeling throughout life to maintain bone architecture; it involves two processes: bone formation and bone resorption with the coordinated activity of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes. Animal models fail to fully explain human bone pathophysiology during chronic kidney disease, mainly due to interspecies differences. The development of in vitro models has permitted to mimic human bone-related diseases as an alternative to in vivo models. Since 1997, osteoclasts have been generated in cell cultures, notably when culturing PBMCs with specific growth factors and cytokines (i.e., M-CSF and RANK-L), without the need for osteoblasts or stromal cells. These models may improve the global understanding of bone pathophysiology. They can be been used not only to evaluate the direct effects of cytokines, hormones, cells, or drugs on bone remodeling during CKD-MBD, but also in peculiar genetic renal diseases inducing specific bone impairment.
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inserm-03847761 , version 1 (10-11-2022)

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Julie Bernardor, Candide Alioli, Marie-Noelle Meaux, Olivier Peyruchaud, Irma Machuca-Gayet, et al.. Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) to Dissect the Underlying Mechanisms of Bone Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease and Rare Renal Diseases. Current Osteoporosis Reports, 2021, 19 (6), pp.553-562. ⟨10.1007/s11914-021-00707-6⟩. ⟨inserm-03847761⟩
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