Mosaic variants in TNFRSF1A : an emerging cause of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Rheumatology Year : 2022

Mosaic variants in TNFRSF1A : an emerging cause of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome

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Abstract

Objective To identify the molecular basis of a systemic autoinflammatory disorder (SAID) evocative of TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS). Methods (i) Deep next generation sequencing (NGS) through a SAID gene panel; (ii) variant allele distribution in peripheral blood subpopulations; (iii) in silico analyses of mosaic variants using TNF receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) crystal structure; (iv) review of the very rare TNFRSF1A mosaic variants reported previously. Results In a 36-year-old man suffering from recurrent fever for 12 years, high-depth NGS revealed a TNFRSF1A mosaic variant, c.176G>A p.(Cys59Tyr), which Sanger sequencing failed to detect. This mosaic variant displayed a variant allele fraction of 14% in whole blood; it affects both myeloid and lymphoid lineages. p.(Cys59Tyr), a recurrent germline pathogenic variant, affects a crucial cysteine located in the first cysteine-rich domain (CRD1) and involved in a disulphide bridge. Introduction of a tyrosine at this position is expected to disrupt the CRD1 structure. Review of the three previously reported TNFRSF1A mosaic variants revealed that they are all located in a small region of CRD2 and that germinal cells can be affected. Conclusion This study expands the localization of TNFRSF1A mosaic variants to the CRD1 domain. Noticeably, residues involved in germline TNFRSF1A mutational hot spots can also be involved in post-zygotic mutational events. Including our study, only four patients have been thus far reported with TNFRSF1A mosaicism, highlighting the need for a high-depth NGS-based approach to avoid the misdiagnosis of TRAPS. Genetic counselling has to consider the potential occurrence of TNFRSF1A mosaic variants in germinal cells.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03837058 , version 1 (02-11-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Eman Assrawi, Camille Louvrier, Elma El Khouri, Jérémie Delaleu, Bruno Copin, et al.. Mosaic variants in TNFRSF1A : an emerging cause of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome. Rheumatology, 2022, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1093/rheumatology/keac274⟩. ⟨inserm-03837058⟩
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