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Journal Articles Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Year : 2022

Variants in the GPR146 Gene Are Associated With a Favorable Cardiometabolic Risk Profile

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: In mice, GPR146 (G-protein-coupled receptor 146) deficiency reduces plasma lipids and protects against atherosclerosis. Whether these findings translate to humans is unknown. METHODS: Common and rare genetic variants in the GPR146 gene locus were used as research instruments in the UK-Biobank. The Lifelines, and The Copenhagen-City Heart Study, and a cohort of individuals with familial hypobetalipoproteinemia were used to find and study rare GPR146 variants. RESULTS: In the UK-Biobank, carriers of the common rs2362529-C allele present with lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apo (apolipoprotein) B, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apoAI, CRP (C-reactive protein), and plasma liver enzymes compared with noncarriers. Carriers of the common rs1997243-G allele, associated with higher GPR146 expression, present with the exact opposite phenotype. The associations with plasma lipids of the above alleles are allele dose-dependent. Heterozygote carriers of a rare coding variant (p.Pro62Leu; n=2615), predicted to be damaging, show a stronger reductions in the above parameters compared with carriers of the common rs2362529-C allele. The p.Pro62Leu variant is furthermore shown to segregate with low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in a family with familial hypobetalipoproteinemia. Compared with controls, carriers of the common rs2362529-C allele show a marginally reduced risk of coronary artery disease (P=0.03) concomitant with a small effect size on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (average decrease of 2.24 mg/dL in homozygotes) of this variant. Finally, mendelian randomization analyses suggest a causal relationship between GPR146 gene expression and plasma lipid and liver enzyme levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that carriers of new genetic GPR146 variants have a beneficial cardiometabolic risk profile, but it remains to be shown whether genetic or pharmaceutical inhibition of GPR146 protects against atherosclerosis in humans.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03833180 , version 1 (28-10-2022)

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A. Rimbert, M. W. Yeung, N. Dalila, C. H. L. Thio, H. Yu, et al.. Variants in the GPR146 Gene Are Associated With a Favorable Cardiometabolic Risk Profile. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 2022, 42 (10), pp.1262-1271. ⟨10.1161/atvbaha.122.317514⟩. ⟨inserm-03833180⟩
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