Cryoglobulinemia in systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study of 213 patients - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Arthritis Research and Therapy Year : 2022

Cryoglobulinemia in systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study of 213 patients

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The clinical value of cryoglobulinemia (CG) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is largely unknown. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the characteristics of CG in SLE, its impact on SLE phenotype, and the features associated with cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas) in SLE patients. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted in a French university hospital reviewed the data from 213 SLE patients having been screened for CG between January 2013 and December 2017. SLE patients positive for CG were compared to SLE patients without CG. Patients were classified as CryoVas using the criteria of De Vita et al. RESULTS: Of the 213 SLE patients included (mean age 29.2 years, female sex 85%), 142 (66%) had at least one positive CG in their history, 67% of them having a persistent CG at follow-up. CG was type III in 114 (80%) cases and type II in 27 (19%) cases. The mean concentration of the cryoprecipitate was 40mg/L (range 0-228). Patients with CG had significantly more C4 consumption. Among patients with CG, 21 (15%) developed a CryoVas. The clinical manifestations of patients with CryoVas were mainly cutaneous (purpura, ulcers, digital ischemia) and articular, without any death at follow-up. Severe manifestations of CG included glomerulonephritis in 1/21 (5%) patients and central nervous system involvement in 4/21 (19%) patients. A response to first-line treatments was observed in 12/13 (92%) patients, but relapses were observed for 3 of them. CONCLUSION: CG is frequent in SLE, but mostly asymptomatic. CryoVas features involve mostly joints, skin, and general symptoms. CryoVas in SLE appears to be a specific condition, with a low prevalence of neuropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and severe manifestations.
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inserm-03831072 , version 1 (26-10-2022)

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Y. Roubertou, S. Mainbourg, A. Hot, D. Fouque, C. Confavreux, et al.. Cryoglobulinemia in systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study of 213 patients. Arthritis Research and Therapy, 2022, 24 (1), pp.167. ⟨10.1186/s13075-022-02857-z⟩. ⟨inserm-03831072⟩
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