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Journal Articles Pharmacological Research Year : 2017

The effect of morbid obesity on morphine glucuronidation


The purpose of the present work was to study the change in morphine metabolic ratio in obese subjects before and after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and to identify clinical and/or biological factors associated with this change. The pharmacokinetics (PK) of oral morphine (30mg), morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) was performed in patients before (n=25; mean BMI=43.2 (35.4-61.9)kg/m2), 7-15days (n=16) and 6 months after RYGB (n=19; mean BMI=32.3 (25.4-46.0)kg/m2). Morphine Cmax and AUC0-inf were significantly increased and morphine Tmax significantly shortened at 6 months after RYGB compared with preoperative data, indicating an important increase in the rate and extent of morphine absorption. The morphine metabolic ratio 0-inf M3G+M6G/Morphine, decreased significantly from the preoperative to 6 months postoperative period with an average of -26% (range -74%; +21%; p=0.004), but not in the immediate post-operative period. The change in morphine metabolic ratio was associated with a change in BMI, fat mass in kg, and triglyceride levels (rho=0.5, p≤0.04). The degree of change in several markers of low-grade inflammation, or the level of liver steatosis and fibrosis before surgery, was not associated with the change in morphine metabolic ratios. Our findings indicate that RYGB-induced weight loss significantly decreases morphine metabolic ratio, arguing for an effect of morbid obesity on glucuronidation. With glucuronide exposure at 6 months similar to preoperative values, a higher morphine AUC0-inf should encourage reducing morphine dosage in patients undergoing RYGB and chronically receiving immediate-release oral morphine.
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inserm-03822989 , version 1 (20-10-2022)



Celia Lloret-Linares, Huilong Luo, Alexandra Rouquette, Laurence Labat, Christine Poitou, et al.. The effect of morbid obesity on morphine glucuronidation. Pharmacological Research, 2017, 118, pp.64-70. ⟨10.1016/j.phrs.2016.08.031⟩. ⟨inserm-03822989⟩
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