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Journal Articles Nucleic Acids Research Year : 2022

Iso-FRET: an isothermal competition assay to analyze quadruplex formation in vitro

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Abstract

Algorithms have been widely used to predict G-quadruplexes (G4s)-prone sequences. However, an experimental validation of these predictions is generally required. We previously reported a high-throughput technique to evidence G4 formation in vitro called FRET-MC. This method, while convenient and reproducible, has one known weakness: its inability to pin point G4 motifs of low thermal stability. As such quadruplexes may still be biologically relevant if formed at physiological temperature, we wanted to develop an independent assay to overcome this limitation. To this aim, we introduced an isothermal version of the competition assay, called iso-FRET, based on a duplex-quadruplex competition and a well-characterized bis-quinolinium G4 ligand, PhenDC3. G4-forming competitors act as decoys for PhenDC3, lowering its ability to stabilize the G4-forming motif reporter oligonucleotide conjugated to a fluorescence quencher (37Q). The decrease in available G4 ligand concentration restores the ability of 37Q to hybridize to its FAM-labeled short complementary C-rich strand (F22), leading to a decrease in fluorescence signal. In contrast, when no G4-forming competitor is present, PhenDC3 remains available to stabilize the 37Q quadruplex, preventing the formation of the F22 + 37Q complex. Iso-FRET was first applied to a reference panel of 70 sequences, and then used to investigate 23 different viral sequences.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03807353 , version 1 (09-10-2022)

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Yu Luo, Daniela Verga, Jean-Louis Mergny. Iso-FRET: an isothermal competition assay to analyze quadruplex formation in vitro. Nucleic Acids Research, 2022, 50 (16), pp.e93-e93. ⟨10.1093/nar/gkac465⟩. ⟨inserm-03807353⟩
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