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Journal Articles International Journal of Obesity Year : 2021

Bariatric surgery short-term outcomes in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: the Severe Obesity Outcome Network prospective cohort

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Abstract

Background/objectives: Although the benefits of bariatric surgery have been clearly established, it is not known whether they are as important in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Primary aim: to evaluate whether patients with moderate-to-severe OSA (apnoea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 events/h) treated by continuous positive airway pressure/non-invasive ventilation (median [IQR] adherence 6.5 h/night [5; 7.9] at baseline) lose the same amount of body weight 1 year after bariatric surgery as patients with no or mild OSA. Secondary objectives: to compare the evolution of type 2 diabetes and hypertension after bariatric surgery, and surgical complication rates between groups. Methods/subjects: Analyses were performed in 371 patients included in a prospective cohort of bariatric surgery, the Severe Obesity Outcome Network cohort. Subjects having moderate-to-severe OSA (n = 210) at baseline were compared with other subjects (n = 161). Results: Excess weight loss (%EWL) at 1 year was lower in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA than in patients without (64.9%EWL [46.9; 79.5] vs. 73.8%EWL [56.6; 89.3], p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that age, initial body mass index and type of surgery, but not OSA status, were associated with 1-year %EWL. Diabetes remitted in 25 (41%) patients with moderate-to-severe OSA and 16 (48%) patients with no or mild OSA (p = 0.48). Hypertension remitted in 28 (32.9%) patients with moderate-to-severe OSA and 9 (40.9%) with no or mild (p = 0.48). Complication rates were 28 (13.3%) in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA and 12 (7.5%) in patients with no or mild OSA (p = 0.07). Conclusions: Patients with OSA lose less body weight after bariatric surgery. This was related to older age and a higher baseline body mass index. However, the improvements of diabetes and hypertension were similar to that of patients without OSA, and the risk of surgical complications was not higher.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03807233 , version 1 (09-10-2022)

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Jessica Guggino, Renaud Tamisier, Cécile Betry, Sandrine Coumes, Catherine Arvieux, et al.. Bariatric surgery short-term outcomes in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: the Severe Obesity Outcome Network prospective cohort. International Journal of Obesity, 2021, 45 (11), pp.2388-2395. ⟨10.1038/s41366-021-00903-5⟩. ⟨inserm-03807233⟩
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