Detailed cell-level analysis of sperm nuclear quality among the different hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) classes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics Year : 2021

Detailed cell-level analysis of sperm nuclear quality among the different hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) classes

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Abstract

Purpose: We studied the quality differences between the different hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) classes, as measured by criteria of DNA fragmentation, DNA decondensation, and nuclear architecture. The aim was to find particular HOST classes associated with good-quality metrics, which may be potentially used in ICSI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection). Methods: Ten patients from the Department of Reproductive Medicine at Tenon Hospital (Paris, France) were included. Their semen samples were collected and divided into two fractions: one was incubated in a hypo-osmotic solution as per HOST protocol and sorted by sperm morphology, and a second was incubated without undergoing the HOST protocol to serve as an unsorted baseline. Three parameters were assessed: DNA fragmentation (TUNEL assay), DNA decondensation (chromomycin A3 assay), and nuclear architecture (FISH, with telomeric and whole chromosome painting probes). The different HOST classes were evaluated for these three parameters, and statistical analysis was performed for each class versus the unsorted non-HOST-treated sperm. Results with p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: For each of the parameters evaluated, we found significant differences between HOST-selected spermatozoa and non-selected spermatozoa. Overall, spermatozoa of HOST classes B and B+ exhibited the highest quality based on four metrics (low DNA fragmentation, low DNA decondensation, short inter-telomeric distance, and small chromosome 1 territory area), while spermatozoa of HOST classes A and G exhibited the poorest quality by these metrics. Conclusion: In addition to their pathophysiological interest, our results open possibilities of sperm selection prior to ICSI, which may allow for optimization of reproductive outcomes in heretofore unstudied patient populations.

Dates and versions

inserm-03780515 , version 1 (19-09-2022)

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Adrien Bloch, Eli Rogers, Cynthia Nicolas, Tanguy Martin-Denavit, Miguel Monteiro, et al.. Detailed cell-level analysis of sperm nuclear quality among the different hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) classes. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 2021, 38 (9), pp.2491-2499. ⟨10.1007/s10815-021-02232-y⟩. ⟨inserm-03780515⟩
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