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Chronic intermittent hypoxia, a hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea, promotes 4T1 breast cancer development through endothelin-1 receptors

Abstract : The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cancer is still debated and data are scarce regarding the link between OSA and breast cancer progression. Since conclusive epidemiological studies require large sample sizes and sufficient duration of exposure before incident cancer occurrence, basic science studies represent the most promising approach to appropriately address the topic. Here we assessed the impact of intermittent hypoxia (IH), the major hallmark of OSA, on the development of breast cancer and explored the specific involvement of the endothelin signaling pathway. Original in vitro and in vivo models were used where 3D-spheroids or cultures of murine 4T1 breast cancer cells were submitted to IH cycles, and nude NMRI mice, orthotopically implanted with 4T1 cells, were submitted to chronic IH exposure before and after implantation. The role of the endothelin-1 in promoting cancer cell development was investigated using the dual endothelin receptor antagonist, macitentan. In vitro exposure to IH significantly increased 4T1 cell proliferation and migration. Meta-analysis of 4 independent in vivo experiments showed that chronic IH exposure promoted tumor growth, assessed by caliper measurement (overall standardized mean difference: 1.00 [0.45-1.55], p < 0.001), bioluminescence imaging (1.65 [0.59-2.71]; p < 0.01) and tumor weight (0.86 [0.31-1.41], p < 0.01), and enhanced metastatic pulmonary expansion (0.77 [0.12-1.42]; p = 0.01). Both in vitro and in vivo tumor-promoting effects of IH were reversed by macitentan. Overall, these findings demonstrate that chronic intermittent hypoxia exposure promotes breast cancer growth and malignancy and that dual endothelin receptor blockade prevents intermittent hypoxia-induced tumor development.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03768283
Contributor : Danielle SALAS Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 10:45:17 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 10, 2022 - 3:05:49 AM

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Mélanie Minoves, Sylvain Kotzki, Florence Hazane-Puch, Emeline Lemarié, Sophie Bouyon, et al.. Chronic intermittent hypoxia, a hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea, promotes 4T1 breast cancer development through endothelin-1 receptors. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2022, 12 (1), pp.12916. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-15541-8⟩. ⟨inserm-03768283⟩

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