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Journal Articles Microbiology Spectrum Year : 2022

Assessment of the Performance of the Aptima Bacterial Vaginosis Assay Over a 3-Month Period in a French Hospital

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Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge. BV represents a dysbiosis with the acquisition of a diverse community of anaerobic bacteria and a reduction in lactobacilli burden. Our objective was to evaluate the Aptima BV assay kit for the diagnosis of BV. From May to August 2019, we enrolled outpatients and inpatients, including nonpregnant women above 18 with vaginosis symptoms, consulting at Nantes University hospital. The Aptima BV assay measures the loads of Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, and Lactobacillus species in relation to overall bacterial load. The Aptima BV assay was compared to Nugent scoring (NS). A total of 456 women were enrolled, and 347 patients met the inclusion criteria with data available for the analysis. NS was used to classify the samples and 144 (41.5%) samples were classified as normal (NS = 0-3), 45 (13%) as BV (NS = 7-10), 38 (11%) presented an intermediate vaginal microbiota (3 < NS < 7), 79 (22.7%) had various bacteria (excluding vaginal flora), 29 (8.3%) had insufficient bacterial density, and 12 (3.5%) had a predominance of yeasts. The Aptima BV kit displayed a sensitivity of 91.1% and specificity of 94.4% with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 83.7% and a negative predictive (NPV) value of 97.1%. The results of this monocentric retrospective study show that Aptima BV kit has a good diagnostic correlation compared to standard of care for dysbiotic diagnosis cases. IMPORTANCE The possibility exists of the involvement of a new molecular test in the routine algorithm of bacterial vaginosis diagnosis in microbiology laboratories. This manuscript reports on our experience, and we propose an organization combining Nugent scoring and molecular testing, especially for intermediate Nugent scores.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03754317 , version 1 (19-08-2022)

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L. Ruffier D’epenoux, E. Tessier, A. Guillouzouic, E. Fayoux, C. Bourigault, et al.. Assessment of the Performance of the Aptima Bacterial Vaginosis Assay Over a 3-Month Period in a French Hospital. Microbiology Spectrum, 2022, pp.e0130122. ⟨10.1128/spectrum.01301-22⟩. ⟨inserm-03754317⟩
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