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Journal Articles Clinical nutrition open science/Clin Nutr Open Sci Year : 2022

Undernourished patients do not have increased risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes

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Abstract

Background: Undernutrition has been previously identified as a deleterious factor in acute infections. In covid-19 infection, obesity is a risk-factor of severe evolution, but initial undernutrition has not been evaluated yet. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed correlation between nutritional status at admission and severe outcomes (intensive care unit admission, invasive mechanical ventilation requirement and death) of patients hospitalized for confirmed covid-19 infection. Results: Risk of intensive care unit admission and invasive mechanical ventilation requirement was not significantly different between undernutrition and normoweight sub-groups, but increased in excessive weight sub-group (ODDR (IC 95%) 1.048 (1.011-1.086), p = 0.011). Risk of death was the same in all sub-groups. Conclusion: Undernutrition didn't appear as a factor of severe outcomes in covid-19 infection.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03754188 , version 1 (19-08-2022)

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A. Fneich, P. Poinsot, C. Elias, L. Restier, P. Vanhems, et al.. Undernourished patients do not have increased risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes. Clinical nutrition open science/Clin Nutr Open Sci, 2022, 44, pp.9-14. ⟨10.1016/j.nutos.2022.03.002⟩. ⟨inserm-03754188⟩
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