Inhibition of Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Human Melanoma Cells by Anti-Cathepsin L Single Chain Variable Fragment - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancer Research Year : 2004

Inhibition of Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Human Melanoma Cells by Anti-Cathepsin L Single Chain Variable Fragment

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Abstract

We demonstrated previously that the switch from nonmetastatic to highly metastatic phenotype of human melanoma cells is directly related to secretion of procathepsin L form. This cysteine proteinase was identified on the basis of its property to cleave human C3, the third component of complement. In an attempt to control procathepsin L secretion, we have recently generated an anti-cathepsin L single chain variable fragment (ScFv) from an anti-cathepsin L monoclonal antibody generated against recombinant cathepsin L. We herein selected clones stably transfected with this anti-cathepsin L ScFv and analyzed them for changes in tumor growth and metastasis. We show that in stably transfected clones, anti-cathepsin L ScFv strongly inhibited the secretion of procathepsin L without modifying the intracellular amount or processing pattern of cathepsin L forms. Confocal analysis demonstrated colocalization of endogenous cathepsin L and anti-cathepsin L ScFv. In addition, expression of this ScFv strongly inhibited generation of tumor and metastasis by these human melanoma clones in nude mice. In vivo, the anti-cathepsin L ScFv-transfected cells produced tumors with decreased vascularization (angiogenesis) concomitant with increased apoptosis of tumor cells. Matrigel assay also demonstrated that melanoma invasiveness was completely abolished. Thus, this is the first demonstration that anti-cathepsin L ScFv could be used to inhibit the tumorigenic and metastatic phenotype of human melanoma, depending on procathepsin L secretion, and could therefore be used as a molecular tool in a therapeutic cellular approach.
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inserm-03738163 , version 1 (25-07-2022)

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Nathalie Rousselet, Lisa Mills, Didier Jean, Carmen Tellez, Menashe Bar-Eli, et al.. Inhibition of Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Human Melanoma Cells by Anti-Cathepsin L Single Chain Variable Fragment. Cancer Research, 2004, 64 (1), pp.146-151. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.can-03-1717⟩. ⟨inserm-03738163⟩
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