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Journal Articles Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology Year : 2022

Role of SNAREs in Unconventional Secretion—Focus on the VAMP7-Dependent Secretion

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Abstract

Intracellular membrane protein trafficking is crucial for both normal cellular physiology and cell-cell communication. The conventional secretory route follows transport from the Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the plasma membrane via the Golgi apparatus. Alternative modes of secretion which can bypass the need for passage through the Golgi apparatus have been collectively termed as Unconventional protein secretion (UPS). UPS can comprise of cargo without a signal peptide or proteins which escape the Golgi in spite of entering the ER. UPS has been classified further depending on the mode of transport. Type I and Type II unconventional secretion are non-vesicular and non-SNARE protein dependent whereas Type III and Type IV dependent on vesicles and on SNARE proteins. In this review, we focus on the Type III UPS which involves the import of cytoplasmic proteins in membrane carriers of autophagosomal/endosomal origin and release in the extracellular space following SNARE-dependent intracellular membrane fusion. We discuss the role of vesicular SNAREs with a strong focus on VAMP7, a vesicular SNARE involved in exosome, lysosome and autophagy mediated secretion. We further extend our discussion to the role of unconventional secretion in health and disease with emphasis on cancer and neurodegeneration.
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inserm-03733367 , version 1 (21-07-2022)

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Somya Vats, Thierry Galli. Role of SNAREs in Unconventional Secretion—Focus on the VAMP7-Dependent Secretion. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2022, 10, pp.884020. ⟨10.3389/fcell.2022.884020⟩. ⟨inserm-03733367⟩
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