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A Double-Negative Feedback Interaction between miR-21 and PPAR-α in Clear Renal Cell Carcinoma

Abstract : Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the main histotype of kidney cancer, which is typically highly resistant to conventional therapies and known for abnormal lipid accumulation. In this context, we focused our attention on miR-21, an oncogenic miRNA overexpressed in ccRCC, and peroxysome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR- α), one master regulator of lipid metabolism targeted by miR-21. First, in a cohort of 52 primary ccRCC samples, using RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry, we showed that miR-21 overexpression was correlated with PPAR-α downregulation. Then, in ACHN and 786-O cells, using RT-qPCR, the luciferase reporter gene, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting, we showed that PPAR-α overexpression (i) decreased miR-21 expression, AP-1 and NF-κB transcriptional activity, and the binding of AP-1 and NF-κB to the miR-21 promoter and (ii) increased PTEN and PDCD4 expressions. In contrast, using pre-miR-21 transfection, miR-21 overexpression decreased PPAR-α expression and transcriptional activity mediated by PPAR-α, whereas the anti-miR-21 (LNA-21) strategy increased PPAR-α expression, but also the expression of its targets involved in fatty acid oxidation. In this study, we showed a double-negative feedback interaction between miR-21 and PPAR-α. In ccRCC, miR-21 silencing could be therapeutically exploited to restore PPAR-α expression and consequently inhibit the oncogenic events mediated by the aberrant lipid metabolism of ccRCC.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03729282
Contributor : michael perrais Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 3:16:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 22, 2022 - 4:02:11 AM

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Marine Goujon, Justine Woszczyk, Kelly Gaudelot, Thomas Swierczewski, Sandy Fellah, et al.. A Double-Negative Feedback Interaction between miR-21 and PPAR-α in Clear Renal Cell Carcinoma. Cancers, MDPI, 2022, 14 (3), pp.795. ⟨10.3390/cancers14030795⟩. ⟨inserm-03729282⟩

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