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Journal Articles Molecular Psychiatry Year : 2022

CADPS functional mutations in patients with bipolar disorder increase the sensitivity to stress

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Marika Nosten-Bertrand
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Abstract

Bipolar disorder is a severe and chronic psychiatric disease resulting from a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors. Here, we identified a significant higher mutation rate in a gene encoding the calcium-dependent activator protein for secretion (CADPS) in 132 individuals with bipolar disorder, when compared to 184 unaffected controls or to 21,070 non-psychiatric and non-Finnish European subjects from the Exome Aggregation Consortium. We found that most of these variants resulted either in a lower abundance or a partial impairment in one of the basic functions of CADPS in regulating neuronal exocytosis, synaptic plasticity and vesicular transporter-dependent uptake of catecholamines. Heterozygous mutant mice for Cadps+/- revealed that a decreased level of CADPS leads to manic-like behaviours, changes in BDNF level and a hypersensitivity to stress. This was consistent with more childhood trauma reported in families with mutation in CADPS, and more specifically in mutated individuals. Furthermore, hyperactivity observed in mutant animals was rescued by the mood-stabilizing drug lithium. Overall, our results suggest that dysfunction in calcium-dependent vesicular exocytosis may increase the sensitivity to environmental stressors enhancing the risk of developing bipolar disorder.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03709071 , version 1 (29-06-2022)

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Jeremy Sitbon, Dennis Nestvogel, Caroline Kappeler, Aude Nicolas, Stephanie Maciuba, et al.. CADPS functional mutations in patients with bipolar disorder increase the sensitivity to stress. Molecular Psychiatry, 2022, 27 (2), pp.1145-1157. ⟨10.1038/s41380-021-01151-9⟩. ⟨inserm-03709071⟩
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