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Economic impact of generic antiretrovirals in France for HIV patients’ care: a simulation between 2019 and 2023

Abstract : Background: In a context where the economic burden of HIV is increasing as HIV patients now have a close to normal lifespan, the availability of generic antiretrovirals commonly prescribed in 2017 and the imminence of patent expiration are expected to provide substantial savings in the coming years. This article aims to assess the economic impact of these generic antiretrovirals in France and specifically over a five-year period. Methods: An agent-based model was developed to simulate patient trajectories and treatment use over a five-year period. By comparing the results of costs for trajectories simulated under different predefined scenarios, a budget impact model can be created and sensitivity analyses performed on several parameters of importance. Results: The potential economic savings from 2019 to 2023 generated by generic antiretrovirals range from €309 million when the penetration rate of generics is set at 10% to €1.5 billion at 70%. These savings range from €984 million to €993 million as the delay between patent and generic marketing authorisation varies from 10 to 15 years, and from €965 million to €993 million as the Negotiated Price per Unit (NPU) of generics at market-entry varies from 40 to 50% of the NPU for patents. Discussion: This economic savings simulation could help decision makers to anticipate resource allocations for further innovation in antiretrovirals therapies as well as prevention, especially by funding the Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) or HIV screening.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 14, 2022 - 10:38:54 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 10:21:26 AM

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Romain Demeulemeester, Nicolas Savy, Michaël Mounié, Laurent Molinier, Cyrille Delpierre, et al.. Economic impact of generic antiretrovirals in France for HIV patients’ care: a simulation between 2019 and 2023. BMC Health Services Research, BioMed Central, 2022, 22 (1), pp.567. ⟨10.1186/s12913-022-07859-w⟩. ⟨inserm-03694843⟩

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