Moving towards a single-frame cell phone design in random digit dialing surveys: considerations from a French general population health survey - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Medical Research Methodology Year : 2022

Moving towards a single-frame cell phone design in random digit dialing surveys: considerations from a French general population health survey

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Abstract

Background: Over the last two decades, telephone surveys based on random digit dialing have developed considerably. At the same time, however, the proportion of the population with a cell phone has increased, whereas landline frame coverage has declined, thus raising the possibility of discontinuing landline phone surveys. This paper aims to assess the impact of using a single-frame (SF) cell phone design instead of a dual-frame (DF) design with landlines and cell phones in the context of repeated health surveillance surveys in the general population. We analyze data from a random digit dialing health survey of the French population and assess differences between the DF and the counterfactual SF design that excludes the landline phone sample from the DF design. We evaluate the quality of the two survey designs in terms of survey productivity, response rates, representativeness, balancing of external covariates, and prevalence estimates of key health behavior indicators. Results: Our results show that a SF cell phone survey has several advantages over a combined DF landline and cell phone survey. Cell numbers require fewer call attempts to complete an interview, leading to a substantial reduction in the mean data collection duration and weight dispersion. The global representativeness of the SF design was slightly better than its DF counterpart, although the elderly were underrepresented. After calibration, differences in health behavior estimates were small for the seven health indicators analyzed. Conclusions: Switching from a DF random telephone survey to a SF cell phone design has a number of practical advantages and would have a minimal impact on general population health surveys for monitoring health behavior at the population level. However, the different aspects of the survey quality had to be studied to make a decision. Further studies are needed to explore the scope of possibilities.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03694384 , version 1 (13-06-2022)

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Noémie Soullier, Stéphane Legleye, Jean-Baptiste Richard. Moving towards a single-frame cell phone design in random digit dialing surveys: considerations from a French general population health survey. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2022, 22 (1), pp.94. ⟨10.1186/s12874-022-01573-1⟩. ⟨inserm-03694384⟩
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