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Journal Articles BMC Rheumatology Year : 2022

Evaluation of mindfulness based stress reduction in symptomatic knee or hip osteoarthritis patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial

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Abstract

Background: To evaluate the efficacy for symptomatic knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients of a mindfulnessbased stress reduction (MBSR) program versus usual care. Methods: Randomized, physician-blind, clinical trial in a monocentric prospective pilot study. Adult participants with symptomatic knee or hip OA were randomized into either intervention or control groups. The intervention group completed the MBSR program for a two-and-a-half-hour weekly session for 8 weeks. Usual care management was similar in both groups. All patients were evaluated at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. The primary objective was to evaluate the change in WOMAC pain score between baseline and 3 months in the MBSR group compared to usual care group. Secondary objectives were to evaluate changes in pain VAS, WOMAC scores, quality of life (SF-36), HAD scores between baseline and 3/6 months. Results: Forty patients were enrolled in the study. No differences in the WOMAC pain score between the two groups were observed in the different time points. A similar pattern was found for the other assessment outcomes. However, a significant pain VAS reduction in favor of the MBSR group between baseline and 6 months (− 29.6 ± 26.6 vs − 9.3 ± 27.3; p = 0.03) has been reached. Conclusions: Our pilot RCT found contrasting results with no benefit on WOMAC pain and function and a delayed but long-term efficacy in pain VAS following a MBSR program in symptomatic knee or hip OA patients. Future studies with larger sample size are mandatory to confirm these preliminary results. Trial registration The study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03644615, 23/08/2018).
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inserm-03690775 , version 1 (08-06-2022)

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Clémentine Marais, Yujie Song, Rosanna Ferreira, Safa Aounti, Claire Duflos, et al.. Evaluation of mindfulness based stress reduction in symptomatic knee or hip osteoarthritis patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Rheumatology, 2022, 6 (1), pp.46. ⟨10.1186/s41927-022-00277-9⟩. ⟨inserm-03690775⟩
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