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Circulating Tumour DNA Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker for Survival in Metastatic BRAF or NRAS-Mutated Melanoma Patients

Abstract : Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) can be used to identify gene alterations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the detection of ctDNA, based on the identification of BRAF and NRAS mutations before systemic treatment initiation, was associated with the prognosis of metastatic melanoma. In total, 68 BRAF or NRAS-mutated stage IV or unresectable stage III metastatic cutaneous melanoma patients were included and tested for the presence of BRAF and NRAS mutations in circulating DNA before treatment initiation, using the Cobas BRAF/NRAS Mutation Test (Roche). The expected mutation was detected in the plasma of 34/68 patients (50% sensitivity). ctDNA detection was associated with AJCC stage, along with the number and nature of metastases. ctDNA was less frequently detected in NRAS-mutated than in BRAF-mutated melanoma (36% and 66%, respectively). At initiation of first-line treatment, ctDNA detection was associated with poor prognosis in Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS) in univariate analysis (log-rank: p = 0.002 and p < 0.0001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, ctDNA detection was an independent factor of poor prognosis in OS, after adjustment for AJCC stage, number and nature of metastases and gender (HR = 4.384; 95% CI: (1.308; 14.699); p = 0.017).
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03683624
Contributor : Christine Dupuis Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 5:30:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 9, 2022 - 3:17:22 AM

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Guillaume Herbreteau, Audrey Vallée, Anne-Chantal Knol, Sandrine Théoleyre, Gaelle Quéreux, et al.. Circulating Tumour DNA Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker for Survival in Metastatic BRAF or NRAS-Mutated Melanoma Patients. Cancers, MDPI, 2020, 12 (7), pp.1871. ⟨10.3390/cancers12071871⟩. ⟨inserm-03683624⟩

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