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Impact of active surveillance for prostate cancer on the risk of depression and anxiety: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from the Vican Prospective Cohort.

Abstract : Background: Active surveillance (AS) is an option for low-risk localized prostate cancer and its use is on the rise due to the good long-term oncologic results. However, its impact on the quality of live of patients, particularly in terms of anxiety and emotional responses related to cancer is poorly evaluated. Methods: The french VICAN cohort is a representative sample of 4174 patients treated for cancer and survivors after 5 years. Patient-reported Outcomes (PROs) were collected prospectively by self-questionnaires on quality of live (SF-12) and treatments side effects. Among the 447 patients with prostate cancer, patients managed by active surveillance (AS), radiotherapy (RT), or radical prostatectomy (RP), for localized T1-T2 N0 M0 cancer with a Gleason score < 8 were selected. Data regarding depressive symptoms and percieved anxiety were analysed comparatively. Results: A total of 301 patients were included, among whom 68 (22.6%) managed by AS, 170 (56.5%) treated by RP and 63 (20.9%) treated with RT. Patients treated with AS had a lower clinical stage (p = 0.04) compared with patients in RP and RT groups. Regarding the impact on the quality of live, there was no significant difference in terms of depressive symptoms (no depressive symptoms reported for 82.4% of patients in the AS group vs 88.8% in RP and 74.6% in RT, p = 0.468) or percieved anxiety (no anxiety reported in 63.3% of cases in the AS group vs 71.2% in RP and 66.6% in RT, p = 0.214). Conclusions: Patients managed by AS for localized prostate cancer do not report more depressive symptoms or anxiety than patients treated with curative treatment (RP or RT). This confirms the importance of offering this therapeutic option if the histopathological criteria allow it and if the patient is compliant.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03665171
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 3:22:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 9:02:02 AM

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Geraldine Pignot, Rajae Touzani, Patricia Marino, Jochen Walz, Stanislas Rybikowski, et al.. Impact of active surveillance for prostate cancer on the risk of depression and anxiety: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from the Vican Prospective Cohort.. Journal of Clinical Oncology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2021, 39 (6SUPPL), pp.220-220. ⟨10.1200/JCO.2021.39.6_suppl.220⟩. ⟨inserm-03665171⟩

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