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Highly Specific Droplet-Digital PCR Detection of Universally Methylated Circulating Tumor DNA in Endometrial Carcinoma

Abstract : Abstract Background No circulating biomarker is available for endometrial carcinoma (EC). We aimed to identify DNA positions universally hypermethylated in EC, and to develop a digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) assay for detection of hypermethylated circulating tumor DNA (meth-ctDNA) in plasma from patients with EC. Methods DNA positions hypermethylated in EC, and without unspecific hypermethylation in tissue/cell types releasing circulating cell-free DNA in plasma, were identified in silico from TCGA/Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data. A methylation-specific ddPCR (meth-ddPCR) assay following bisulfite conversion of DNA extracted from plasma was optimized for detection of meth-ctDNA according to dMIQE guidelines. Performances were validated on a retrospective cohort (n = 78 tumors, n = 30 tumor-adjacent tissues), a prospective pilot cohort (n = 33 stage I–IV patients), and 55 patients/donors without cancer. Results Hypermethylation of zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 12 (ZSCAN12) and/or oxytocin (OXT) classified EC samples from multiple noncancer samples with high diagnostic specificity/sensitivity [>97%; area under the curve (AUC) = 0.99; TCGA/GEO tissues/blood samples]. These results were confirmed in the independent retrospective cohort (AUC = 0.99). Meth-ddPCR showed a high analytical specificity (limit of blank = 2) and sensitivity (absolute lower threshold of detection = 50 pgmethDNA/mLplasma). In the pilot cohort, meth-ctDNA was detected in pretreatment plasma samples from 9/11 and 5/20 patients with advanced and non-advanced EC, respectively. 2 of 9 patients had ctDNA detected after macroscopic complete surgery and experienced progression within 6 months. No healthy donors had any copy of hypermethylated DNA detected in plasma. Conclusions Meth-ddPCR of ZSCAN12/OXT allows a highly specific and sensitive detection of ctDNA in plasma from patients with EC and appears promising for personalized approaches for these patients.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03653107
Contributor : Pierre Laurent-Puig Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 1:07:58 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:11:43 AM

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Guillaume Beinse, Bruno Borghese, Marie Métairie, Pierre-Alexandre Just, Geoffroy Poulet, et al.. Highly Specific Droplet-Digital PCR Detection of Universally Methylated Circulating Tumor DNA in Endometrial Carcinoma. Clinical Chemistry, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, 2022, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1093/clinchem/hvac020⟩. ⟨inserm-03653107⟩

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