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Intratumor CMS Heterogeneity Impacts Patients prognosis in localized colon cancer

Abstract : Purpose: The consensus molecular subtypes (CMS) represent a significant advance in the understanding of intertumor heterogeneity in colon cancer. Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) is the new frontier for refining prognostication and understanding treatment resistance. This study aims at deciphering the transcriptomic ITH of colon cancer and understanding its potential prognostic implications. Experimental design: We deconvoluted the transcriptomic profiles of 1,779 tumors from the PETACC8 trial and 155 colon cancer cell lines as weighted sums of the four CMSs, using the Weighted In Silico Pathology (WISP) algorithm. We assigned to each tumor and cell line a combination of up to three CMS subtypes with a threshold above 20%. Results: Over 55% of tumors corresponded to mixtures of at least two CMSs, demonstrating pervasive ITH in colon cancer. Of note, ITH was associated with shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival, [HR, 1.34; 95% confidence interval (CI; 1.12-1.59), 1.40, 95% CI (1.14-1.71), respectively]. Moreover, we uncovered specific combinations of CMS associated with dismal prognosis. In multivariate analysis, ITH represents the third parameter explaining DFS variance, after T and N stages. At a cellular level, combined WISP and single-cell transcriptomic analysis revealed that most colon cancer cell lines are a mixture of cells falling into different CMSs, indicating that ITH may correspond to distinct functional statuses of colon cancer cells. Conclusions: This study shows that CMS-based transcriptomic ITH is frequent in colon cancer and impacts its prognosis. CMS-based transcriptomic ITH may correspond to distinct functional statuses of colon cancer cells, suggesting plasticity between CMS-related cell populations. Transcriptomic ITH deserves further assessment in the context of personalized medicine.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03651990
Contributor : Pierre Laurent-Puig Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 11:28:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:12 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, July 27, 2022 - 6:43:08 PM

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Laetitia Marisa, Yuna Blum, Julien Taieb, Mira Ayadi, Camilla Pilati, et al.. Intratumor CMS Heterogeneity Impacts Patients prognosis in localized colon cancer. Clinical Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2021, 27 (17), pp.4768-4780. ⟨10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-0529⟩. ⟨inserm-03651990⟩

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