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Role of extracellular vesicles in atherosclerosis: An update

Abstract : Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane particles released by most cell types in response to different stimuli. They are composed of a lipid bilayer which encloses a wide range of bioactive material, including proteins and nucleic acids. EVs have garnered increasing attention over recent years, as their role in intercellular communication has been brought to light. As such, they have been found to regulate pathophysiological pathways like inflammation, angiogenesis or senescence, and are therefore implicated in key aspects atherosclerosis initiation and progression. Interestingly, EVs appear to have a multifaceted role; depending on their cargo, they can either facilitate or hamper the development of atherosclerotic lesions. In this review we examine how EVs of varying origins may be implicated in the different phases of atherosclerotic lesion development. We also discuss the need to standardize isolation and analysis procedures to fully fulfil their potential as biomarkers and therapeutics for cardiovascular diseases.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03620364
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Submitted on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 6:10:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:56:21 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 7:10:50 PM

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Pierre-Michaël Coly, Chantal Boulanger. Role of extracellular vesicles in atherosclerosis: An update. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, Society for Leukocyte Biology, 2022, 111 (1), pp.51-62. ⟨10.1002/JLB.3MIR0221-099R⟩. ⟨inserm-03620364⟩

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