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Therapeutic Hypothermia Reduces Peritoneal Dialysis Induced Myocardial Blood Flow Heterogeneity and Arrhythmia

Abstract : Background: Moderate therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a well-recognized cardio-protective strategy. The instillation of fluid into the peritoneum provides an opportunity to deliver moderate hypothermia as primary prevention against cardiovascular events. We aimed to to investigate both cardiac perfusion consequences (overall blood flow and detailed assessment of perfusion heterogeneity) and subsequently simulate the associated arrhythmic risk for patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) induced TH. Methods: Patients underwent high resolution myocardial perfusion scanning using high resolution 256 slice CT scanning, at rest and with adenosine stress. The first visit using the patient's usual PD regimen, on the second visit the same regime was utilized but with cooled peritoneal dialysate at 32°C. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified from generated perfusion maps, reconstructed in 3D. MBF heterogeneity was assessed by fractal dimension (FD) measurement on the 3D left ventricular reconstruction. Arrhythmogenicity was quantified from a sophisticated computational simulation using a multi-scale human 3D ventricle wedge electrophysiological computational model. Results: We studied 7 PD patients, mean age of 60 ± 7 and mean vintage dialysis of 23.6 ± 17.6 months. There were no significant different in overall segmental MBF between normothermic condition (NT) and TH. MBF heterogeneity was significantly decreased (-14%, p = 0.03) at rest and after stress (-14%, p = 0.03) when cooling was applied. Computational simulation showed that TH allowed a normalization of action potential, QT duration and T wave. Conclusion: TH-PD results in moderate hypothermia leading to a reduction in perfusion heterogeneity and simulated risk of non-terminating malignant ventricular arrhythmias.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 9:07:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 3:21:27 AM
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S. R. Kharche, S. Lemoine, T. Tamasi, L. Hur, A. So, et al.. Therapeutic Hypothermia Reduces Peritoneal Dialysis Induced Myocardial Blood Flow Heterogeneity and Arrhythmia. Frontiers in Medicine, Frontiers media, 2021, 8, pp.700824. ⟨10.3389/fmed.2021.700824⟩. ⟨inserm-03582079⟩



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