Low Levels of Fecal Calprotectin 3 Months After Surgery Predict Subsequent Endoscopic Postoperative Remission in Crohn's Disease - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Digestive Diseases and Sciences Year : 2021

Low Levels of Fecal Calprotectin 3 Months After Surgery Predict Subsequent Endoscopic Postoperative Remission in Crohn's Disease

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Crohn's disease (CD) few data are available on the usefulness of monitoring fecal calprotectin (FC) in the early postoperative setting. We assessed prospectively the accuracy of FC measured 3 months after surgery to predict the risk of endoscopic postoperative recurrence (POR) within 1 year after resection. METHODS: In 55 consecutive CD patients who had undergone ileocolonic resection samples were collected 3 months after surgery for measuring serum CRP and FC. Endoscopic POR was assessed by ileocolonoscopy within 6-12 months (median 7 months). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to assess accuracy of the markers, to determine the best threshold and to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values. RESULTS: In contrast with median CRP levels, median FC concentrations measured 3 months after surgery were significantly higher in patients who later experienced endoscopic POR (Rutgeerts ≥ i2) compared with those who stayed in endoscopic remission within the following 6-12 months (205 μg/g IQR [106-721] vs. 103 μg/g IQR [60-219], p = 0.008). Area under the ROC curve for FC was 0.71. The best cutoff value of FC to identify patients in subsequent endoscopic remission 3 months after surgery was 65 μg/g (96% sensitivity, 31% specificity, 50% positive and 91% negative predictive values). In multivariate analysis, FC \textless 65 µg/g at 3 months was the only factor associated with subsequent endoscopic remission. CONCLUSION: FC measured 3 months after surgery below 65 μg/g is an accurate marker to identify CD patients who will later stay in endoscopic remission within 1 year after resection.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03582038 , version 1 (21-02-2022)

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F. Veyre, G. Boschetti, C. Meunier, C. Cuerq, C. Gay, et al.. Low Levels of Fecal Calprotectin 3 Months After Surgery Predict Subsequent Endoscopic Postoperative Remission in Crohn's Disease. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 2021, 66 (12), pp.4429-4435. ⟨10.1007/s10620-020-06751-z⟩. ⟨inserm-03582038⟩
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