A novel LARGE1-AFF2 fusion expanding the molecular alterations associated with the methylation class of neuroepithelial tumors with PATZ1 fusions - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Acta Neuropathologica Communications Year : 2022

A novel LARGE1-AFF2 fusion expanding the molecular alterations associated with the methylation class of neuroepithelial tumors with PATZ1 fusions

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Abstract

A novel DNA methylation class of tumor within the central nervous system, the "neuroepithelial tumor (NET), PATZ1 fusion-positive" has recently been identified in the literature, characterized by EWSR1-and MN1-PATZ1 fusions. The cellular origin of this tumor type remains unknown, wavering between glioneuronal or mesenchymal (as round cell sarcomas with EWSR1-PATZ1 of the soft tissue). Because of the low number of reported cases, this tumor type will not be added to the 2021 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Herein, we report one case of a CNS tumor classified by DNA methylation analysis as NET-PATZ1 but harboring a novel LARGE1-AFF2 fusion which has until now never been described in soft tissue or the CNS. We compare its clinical, histopathological, immunophenotypical, and genetic features with those previously described in NET-PATZ1. Interestingly, the current case presented histopathological (astroblastoma-like features, glioneuronal phenotype), clinical (with a favorable course), genetic (1p loss), and epigenetic (DNA-methylation profiling) similarities to previously reported cases of NET-PATZ1. Our results added data suggesting that different histomolecular tumor subtypes seem to be included within the methylation class "NET, PATZ1 fusion-positive", including non PATZ1 fusions, and that further cases are needed to better characterize them.
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inserm-03559885 , version 1 (07-02-2022)

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Arnault Tauziède-Espariat, Guillaume Chotard, François Le Loarer, Jessica Baud, Rihab Azmani, et al.. A novel LARGE1-AFF2 fusion expanding the molecular alterations associated with the methylation class of neuroepithelial tumors with PATZ1 fusions. Acta Neuropathologica Communications, 2022, 10 (1), pp.15. ⟨10.1186/s40478-022-01317-8⟩. ⟨inserm-03559885⟩
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