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Assessing the implementation of community-based learning in public health: a mixed methods approach

Abstract : Background: The French government has set up a community-based learning programme on health promotion for undergraduate health students to involve them in key public health objectives. At the University of Lyon, students first underwent formal instruction, including e-learning, lectures, and interactive seminars, and then became health educators for school pupils. The main objective of the present study was to assess the process of implementing this programme during the 2018-2019 academic year. Methods: The satisfaction and perception of medical and midwife students with community-based learning experiences were assessed by a questionnaire, semi-directive interviews, and observations. Replies to the questionnaire were described by median and interquartile range or by proportion. A paired Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test was used to compare self-evaluated students' competence scores before and after the seminars (alpha risk of 5%). Thematic analyses using grounded theory were performed on recorded and transcribed interviews, and on transcribed notes taken during the observations. Results: Over time the students have evolved from a negative perception of the community-based learning to a positive one. The students were mostly satisfied by interactive seminars that allowed them to gain confidence and competencies in health education. Their involvement in the programme increased their self-esteem. They became more aware of their educative responsibilities regarding public health issues as future professionals. Conclusions: The students had a positive perception of the implementation of a community-based learning programme in our University, as it appeared a pertinent strategy to raise their awareness of prevention and health education issues.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 3:48:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 3:57:15 AM
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Pierre Leblanc, Pauline Occelli, Jerome Etienne, Gilles Rode, Cyrille Colin. Assessing the implementation of community-based learning in public health: a mixed methods approach. BMC Medical Education, BioMed Central, 2022, 22 (1), pp.40. ⟨10.1186/s12909-021-03098-5⟩. ⟨inserm-03555393⟩



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