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High prevalence of anterior pituitary deficiencies after cranial radiation therapy for skull base meningiomas

Abstract : Background: Cranial irradiation represents one of the first line treatment proposed in skull base meningiomas. While cranial irradiation is associated with a high risk of secondary hypopituitarism, few studies focused on the specific location of skull base meningiomas. Methods: Fifty-two adults receiving photon-beam therapy for skull base meningiomas between 2003 and 2014 in our Institution were included. Anterior pituitary (ACTH, FSH, GH, LH, TSH and prolactin) as well as corresponding peripheral hormones (8 am-Cortisol, IGF-1, fT3, fT4, 17βestradiol or testosterone) were biologically screened before radiotherapy (baseline), then yearly until March 2019. The pituitary gland (PG) was delineated on CT and the mean dose delivered to it was calculated. Results: Mean age at diagnosis was 56 +/− 14 years. Median follow-up was 7 years. Up to 60% of patients developed at least ≥2 pituitary deficiencies, 10 years after radiotherapy. Gonadotroph, thyrotroph, corticotroph and somatotroph deficiencies occurred in 37, 28, 18 and 15% of patients, respectively. Hyperprolactinemia was found in 13% of patients. None patient had only one pituitary deficiency. In the multivariate analysis, a delivered dose to the PG ≥ 50 Gy or a meningioma size ≥40 mm significantly increased the risk of developing hypopituitarism. Conclusions: Over a long-term follow-up, cranial radiation therapy used in skull base meningiomas led to a high prevalence of hypopituitarism, further pronounced in case of tumor ≥4 cm. These results advocate for an annual and prolonged follow-up of the pituitary functions in patients with irradiated skull base meningiomas.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03553179
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 2, 2022 - 4:27:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 3:18:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 7:34:10 PM

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Perrine Raymond, Marc Klein, Thomas Cuny, Olivier Klein, Julia Salleron, et al.. High prevalence of anterior pituitary deficiencies after cranial radiation therapy for skull base meningiomas. BMC Cancer, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.1346. ⟨10.1186/s12885-021-09045-3⟩. ⟨inserm-03553179⟩

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