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Impact of the physico-chemical properties of polymeric microspheres functionalized with cell adhesion molecules on the behavior of mesenchymal stromal cells

Abstract : Polymeric, biodegradable, microspheres (MS) presenting a biomimetic surface of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are currently used for transporting cells and/or encapsulated proteins for regenerative medicine studies. They can be made of (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or of a more hydrophilic PLGA-P188 (Poloxamer188)-PLGA polymer allowing for the complete release of the therapeutic proteins. They promote stem cell adhesion, cell survival and differentiation after transplantation. Although the biological effectiveness of these microcarriers is established, a detailed understanding of the protein and cell interactions with the microcarrier surface remain unclear due to a lack of information of their surface properties. The aim of this study was to characterize the physicochemical properties of two polymeric MS systems and determine the effect of laminin and poly-D-lysine coated microcarriers on stem cell adhesion, survival and neuronal differentiation. The hydrophobicity and topography of PLGA MS promoted protein adsorption and the stem cells quickly adhered and spread on the surface of these microcarriers. In contrast less proteins adsorbed onto PLGA-P188-PLGA MS and although cells adhered to these microcarriers, they remained round and did not spread on their surface. Despite these earlystage differences, our results suggest that the nature of the MS does not strongly influence the long-term cell behavior. The cells exhibit the same cell number, differentiation profile and ability to secrete ECM molecules regardless of the type of microcarrier used. Likely the ECM molecules that form a microenvironment around both of these 3D microcarrier/cell constructs over time play a role in this converging cell behavior. We have thus furthered our understanding of the physicochemical properties of polymeric cell carriers affecting stem cell behavior to help tailor suitable microcarriers for neuroregenerative applications.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03549782
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Submitted on : Monday, January 31, 2022 - 3:58:37 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:40:45 AM
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Assia Rmaidi, Mischa Zelzer, Laurence Sindji, Raphaël Dima, Franck Boury, et al.. Impact of the physico-chemical properties of polymeric microspheres functionalized with cell adhesion molecules on the behavior of mesenchymal stromal cells. Materials Science and Engineering: C, Elsevier, 2021, 121, pp.111852. ⟨10.1016/j.msec.2020.111852⟩. ⟨inserm-03549782⟩

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