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Journal Articles Physics in Medicine and Biology Year : 2021

Use of dynamic reconstruction for parametric Patlak imaging in dynamic whole body PET


Abstract Dynamic whole body (DWB) PET acquisition protocols enable the use of whole body parametric imaging for clinical applications. In FDG imaging, accurate parametric images of Patlak K i can be complementary to regular standardised uptake value images and improve on current applications or enable new ones. In this study we consider DWB protocols implemented on clinical scanners with a limited axial field of view with the use of multiple whole body sweeps. These protocols result in temporal gaps in the dynamic data which produce noisier and potentially more biased parametric images, compared to single bed (SB) dynamic protocols. Dynamic reconstruction using the Patlak model has been previously proposed to overcome these limits and shown improved DWB parametric images of K i . In this work, we propose and make use of a spectral analysis based model for dynamic reconstruction and parametric imaging of Patlak K i . Both dynamic reconstruction methods were evaluated for DWB FDG protocols and compared against 3D reconstruction based parametric imaging from SB dynamic protocols. This work was conducted on simulated data and results were tested against real FDG dynamic data. We showed that dynamic reconstruction can achieve levels of parametric image noise and bias comparable to 3D reconstruction in SB dynamic studies, with the spectral model offering additional flexibility and further reduction of image noise. Comparisons were also made between step and shoot and continuous bed motion (CBM) protocols, which showed that CBM can achieve lower parametric image noise due to reduced acquisition temporal gaps. Finally, our results showed that dynamic reconstruction improved VOI parametric mean estimates but did not result to fully converged values before resulting in undesirable levels of noise. Additional regularisation methods need to be considered for DWB protocols to ensure both accurate quantification and acceptable noise levels for clinical applications.
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inserm-03547085 , version 1 (28-01-2022)



Zacharias Chalampalakis, Simon Stute, Marina Filipović, Florent Sureau, Claude Comtat. Use of dynamic reconstruction for parametric Patlak imaging in dynamic whole body PET. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2021, 66 (18), pp.185017. ⟨10.1088/1361-6560/ac2128⟩. ⟨inserm-03547085⟩
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