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The Long Non-Coding RNA SAMMSON Is a Regulator of Chemosensitivity and Metabolic Orientation in MCF-7 Doxorubicin-Resistant Breast Cancer Cells

Abstract : Despite improvements in therapeutic strategies for treating breast cancers, tumor relapse and chemoresistance remain major issues in patient outcomes. Indeed, cancer cells display a metabolic plasticity allowing a quick adaptation to the tumoral microenvironment and to cellular stresses induced by chemotherapy. Recently, long non-coding RNA molecules (lncRNAs) have emerged as important regulators of cellular metabolic orientation. In the present study, we addressed the role of the long non-coding RNA molecule (lncRNA) SAMMSON on the metabolic reprogramming and chemoresistance of MCF-7 breast cancer cells resistant to doxorubicin (MCF-7dox). Our results showed an overexpression of SAMMSON in MCF-7dox compared to doxorubicin-sensitive cells (MCF-7). Silencing of SAMMSON expression by siRNA in MCF-7dox cells resulted in a metabolic rewiring with improvement of oxidative metabolism, decreased mitochondrial ROS production, increased mitochondrial replication, transcription and translation and an attenuation of chemoresistance. These results highlight the role of SAMMSON in the metabolic adaptations leading to the development of chemoresistance in breast cancer cells. Thus, targeting SAMMSON expression levels represents a promising therapeutic route to circumvent doxorubicin resistance in breast cancers.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03546999
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 11:31:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:58:32 AM
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Charlotte Orre, Xavier Dieu, Jordan Guillon, Naïg Gueguen, Seyedeh Tayebeh Ahmadpour, et al.. The Long Non-Coding RNA SAMMSON Is a Regulator of Chemosensitivity and Metabolic Orientation in MCF-7 Doxorubicin-Resistant Breast Cancer Cells. Biology, MDPI 2021, 10 (11), pp.1156. ⟨10.3390/biology10111156⟩. ⟨inserm-03546999⟩

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