Nanoparticle-containing electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds for sustained release of SDF-1α - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Pharmaceutics Year : 2021

Nanoparticle-containing electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds for sustained release of SDF-1α

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Abstract

Chemokines such as stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) regulate the migration of cancer cells that can spread from their primary tumor site by migrating up an SDF-1α concentration gradient, facilitating their local invasion and metastasis. Therefore, the implantation of SDF-1α-releasing scaffolds can be a useful strategy to trap cancer cells expressing the CXCR4 receptor. In this work, SDF-1α was encapsulated into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based nanoparticles and subsequently electrospun with chitosan to produce nanofibrous scaffolds of average fiber diameter of 261 ± 45 nm, intended for trapping glioblastoma (GBM) cells. The encapsulated SDF-1α maintained its biological activity after the electrospinning process as assessed by its capacity to induce the migration of cancer cells. The scaffolds could also provide sustained release of SDF-1α for at least 5 weeks. Using NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts, human Thp-1 macrophages, and rat primary astrocytes we showed that the scaffolds possessed high cytocompatibility in vitro. Furthermore, a 7-day follow-up of Fischer rats bearing implanted scaffolds demonstrated the absence of adverse effects in vivo. In addition, the nanofibrous structure of the scaffolds provided excellent anchoring sites to support the adhesion of human GBM cells by extension of their pseudopodia. The scaffolds also demonstrated slow degradation kinetics, which may be useful in maximizing the time window for trapping GBM cells. As surgical resection does not permit a complete removal of GBM tumors, our results support the future implantation of these scaffolds into the walls of the resection cavity to evaluate their capacity to attract and trap the residual GBM cells in the brain.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03546708 , version 1 (25-12-2022)

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Cite

Rodolfo Molina-Peña, Muhammad Haji Mansor, Mathie Najberg, Jean-Michel Thomassin, Baya Gueza, et al.. Nanoparticle-containing electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds for sustained release of SDF-1α. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2021, 610, pp.121205. ⟨10.1016/j.ijpharm.2021.121205⟩. ⟨inserm-03546708⟩
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