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Melflufen plus dexamethasone (dex) in patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) exposed/refractory to prior alkylators: A pooled analysis of the O-12-M1 and HORIZON studies.

Paula Rodríguez-Otero 1 Maria-Victoria Mateos 2 Albert Oriol 3 Alessandra Larocca 4 Joan Blade 5 Michele Cavo 6 Xavier Leleu 7 Omar Nadeem 8, 9 John Hiemenz 10 Hani Hassoun 11 Cyrille Touzeau 12 Adrian Alegre 13 Agne Paner 14 Christopher Maisel 15 Amitabha Mazumder 16 Anastasios Raptis 17 Marcus Thuresson 4 Johan Harmenberg 18 Olof Harlin 19 Paul Richardson 18 
Abstract : 8048 Background: Melphalan flufenamide (melflufen) is a first-in-class peptide-drug conjugate (PDC) that leverages aminopeptidases and rapidly releases alkylating agents inside tumor cells. Melflufen has a mechanism of action distinct from other alkylating agents (Slipicevic et al. AACR 2020. Abs. 1843). In the O-12-M1 (NCT01897714) and HORIZON (OP-106; NCT02963493) studies, melflufen plus dex showed meaningful efficacy and a clinically manageable safety profile in pts with RRMM (Richardson et al. Lancet Haematol. 2020;7:5; Richardson et al. J Clin Oncol. 2020;Dec 9 [Epub]). This pooled analysis examines pts from these studies exposed to prior alkylators. Methods: Both the O-12-M1 and HORIZON studies included pts with RRMM who received ≥ 2 prior lines of therapy (LoTs) and had a primary endpoint of overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Data from the 2 studies were pooled and analyzed according to previous exposure and refractoriness to alkylators before study entry. Refractoriness to prior alkylator therapy was defined as disease that failed to achieve a minimal response or progressed while on therapy, or within 60 d of last therapy. Results: Of 202 pts (HORIZON: n = 157, cutoff January 14, 2020; O-12-M1: n = 45, cutoff October 29, 2019), 178 (88%) had been exposed to alkylators in ≥ 1 prior LoT (see Table for subgroups). Pts exposed and refractory to alkylators in ≥ 2 LoTs had the highest number of pts refractory to an alkylator in the last LoT (61%), and 82% were refractory to an alkylator within 12 mo of study entry. Meaningful response rates were seen in all subgroups, except for pts who were exposed and refractory to alkylators in ≥ 2 prior LoTs (see Table). PFS trended toward being shorter with higher exposure and refractoriness to prior alkylators. Results should be interpreted with caution due to limited pt numbers. Grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) were similar between pts exposed to prior alkylators (O-12-M1: 85%; HORIZON: 89%) and the overall population (O-12-M1: 84%; HORIZON: 89%). The most common AEs were hematologic, but were mostly reversible and clinically manageable. Nonhematologic AEs were infrequent and primarily grade 1/2. Conclusions: Melflufen in combination with dex showed meaningful efficacy and a clinically manageable safety profile in pts with RRMM exposed/refractory to prior alkylators. Clinical trial information: NCT02963493 and NCT01897714. [Table: see text]
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 9:41:42 AM
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Paula Rodríguez-Otero, Maria-Victoria Mateos, Albert Oriol, Alessandra Larocca, Joan Blade, et al.. Melflufen plus dexamethasone (dex) in patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) exposed/refractory to prior alkylators: A pooled analysis of the O-12-M1 and HORIZON studies.. Journal of Clinical Oncology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2021, 39 (15_suppl), pp.8048-8048. ⟨10.1200/JCO.2021.39.15_suppl.8048⟩. ⟨inserm-03546678⟩

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