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Localization of endogenous morphine-like compounds in the mouse spinal cord

Abstract : Morphine, codeine, morphine-6-glucuronide, and morphine-3-glucuronide are synthesized de novo in mammalian cells and in the central nervous system. Knowledge on endogenous morphine-like compound distribution in the adult mouse brain has been recently improved, and new hypotheses have been suggested about the potential implications in brain physiology. Endogenous morphine-like compounds have been shown to be synthesized in the spinal cord, but their localization is unknown. Here we describe the distribution of endogenous morphine-like compounds (morphine and/or its glucuronides and/or codeine) in the adult mouse spinal cord using a well-validated antibody. By using different microscopy approaches, we found the presence of morphine, codeine, or morphine glucuronides in γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic neurons and astrocytes of the spinal cord. Whereas GABAergic neurons containing endogenous morphine-like compounds were located primarily in the ventral horn, astrocytes that were labeled for morphine-like compounds were found throughout the gray matter and the white matter. Our study demonstrates the possibility that endogenous morphine-like compounds in the central nervous system have other functions beyond their analgesic functions.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03543844
Contributor : Yannick Goumon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 11:54:17 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 4:17:52 AM
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Alexis Laux, François Delalande, Jinane Mouheiche, Denise Stuber, Alain van Dorsselaer, et al.. Localization of endogenous morphine-like compounds in the mouse spinal cord. Journal of Comparative Neurology, Wiley, 2012, 520 (7), pp.1547-1561. ⟨10.1002/cne.22811⟩. ⟨inserm-03543844⟩

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