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Metabolic and cardiovascular adaptations to an 8-wk lifestyle weight loss intervention in younger and older obese men

Abstract : The number of older obese adults is increasing worldwide. Whether obese adults show similar health benefits in response to lifestyle interventions at different ages is unknown. The study enrolled 25 obese men (body mass index: 31-39 kg/m2) in two arms according to age (30-40 and 60-70 yr old). Participants underwent an 8-wk intervention with moderate calorie restriction (∼20% below individual energy requirements) and supervised endurance training resulting in ∼5% weight loss. Body composition was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Insulin sensitivity was assessed during a hypersinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Cardiometabolic profile was derived from blood parameters. Subcutaneous fat and vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were used for ex vivo analyses. Two-way repeated-measure ANOVA and linear mixed models were used to evaluate the response to lifestyle intervention and comparison between the two groups. Fat mass was decreased and bone mass was preserved in the two groups after intervention. Muscle mass decreased significantly in older obese men. Cardiovascular risk (Framingham risk score, plasma triglyceride, and cholesterol) and insulin sensitivity were greatly improved to a similar extent in the two age groups after intervention. Changes in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle transcriptomes were marginal. Analysis of the differential response to the lifestyle intervention showed tenuous differences between age groups. These data suggest that lifestyle intervention combining calorie restriction and exercise shows similar beneficial effects on cardiometabolic risk and insulin sensitivity in younger and older obese men. However, attention must be paid to potential loss of muscle mass in response to weight loss in older obese men.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Rise in obesity and aging worldwide are major trends of critical importance in public health. This study addresses a current challenge in obesity management. Do older obese adults respond differently to a lifestyle intervention composed of moderate calorie restriction and supervised physical activity than younger ones? The main conclusion of the study is that older and younger obese men similarly benefit from the intervention in terms of cardiometabolic risk.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03531986
Contributor : Jean Sébastien Saulnier-Blache Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 2:15:09 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 8:53:50 AM

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Julie Vion, Veronika Sramkova, Emilie Montastier, Marie-Adeline Marquès, Sylvie Caspar-Bauguil, et al.. Metabolic and cardiovascular adaptations to an 8-wk lifestyle weight loss intervention in younger and older obese men. AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism, American Physiological Society, 2021, 321 (3), pp.E325-E337. ⟨10.1152/ajpendo.00109.2021⟩. ⟨inserm-03531986⟩

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