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Role of the Common PRSS1-PRSS2 Haplotype in Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Chronic Pancreatitis: Meta- and Re-Analyses

Abstract : The association between a common PRSS1-PRSS2 haplotype and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP), which was revealed by the first genome-wide association study of chronic pancreatitis (CP), has been consistently replicated. However, the association with non-ACP (NACP) has been controversial. Herein, we sought to clarify this basic issue by means of an allele-based meta-analysis of currently available studies. We then used studies informative for genotype distribution to explore the biological mechanisms underlying the association data and to test for gene-environment interaction between the risk haplotype and alcohol consumption by means of a re-analysis. A literature search was conducted to identify eligible studies. A meta-analysis was performed using the Review Manager software. The association between the risk genotypes and NACP or ACP was tested for the best-fitting genetic model. Gene-environment interaction was estimated by both case-only and multinomial approaches. Five and eight studies were employed for the meta-analysis of ACP and NACP findings, respectively. The risk allele was significantly associated with both ACP (pooled odds ratio (OR) 1.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.56–1.78; p < 0.00001) and NACP (pooled OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.17–1.40; p < 0.00001). Consistent with a dosage effect of the risk allele on PRSS1/PRSS2 mRNA expression in human pancreatic tissue, both ACP and NACP association data were best explained by an additive genetic model. Finally, the risk haplotype was found to interact synergistically with alcohol consumption.
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Contributor : Anthony Herzig Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 5:05:37 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 3:35:08 AM
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Anthony F Herzig, Emmanuelle Génin, David N Cooper, Emmanuelle Masson, Claude Férec, et al.. Role of the Common PRSS1-PRSS2 Haplotype in Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Chronic Pancreatitis: Meta- and Re-Analyses. Genes, MDPI, 2020, 11 (11), pp.1349. ⟨10.3390/genes11111349⟩. ⟨inserm-03526810⟩



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