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Assessment of 4D MR Angiography at 3T Compared with DSA for the Follow-up of Embolized Brain Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: A Dual-Center Study

Abstract : Background and purpose: 4D contrast-enhanced MRA in the follow-up of treated dural arteriovenous fistulas has rarely been evaluated. Our aim was to evaluate its diagnostic performance at 3T in the follow-up of embolized dural arteriovenous fistulas using DSA as the standard of reference. Materials and methods: Patients treated for dural arteriovenous fistulas in 2 centers between 2008 and 2019 were included if they met the following criteria: 1) dural arteriovenous fistula embolization, and 2) follow-up imaging with <6 months between DSA and 4D contrast-enhanced MRA. Two readers reviewed the 4D contrast-enhanced MRA images, first independently, then in consensus to detect any residual/recurrent dural arteriovenous fistula and to grade cases according to the Cognard classification system. Interobserver and intermodality agreement for the detection of a residual dural arteriovenous fistula and stratification of bleeding risk (0-I-IIa; IIb-IIa+b-III-IV-V) was calculated using κ coefficients. Results: A total of 51 pairs of examinations for 44 patients (median age, 65 years; range, 25-81 years) were analyzed. Interobserver agreement for the detection and stratification of bleeding risk was, respectively, κ = 0.8 (95% CI, 0.6-1) and κ = 0.8 (95% CI, 0.5-1). After consensus review, the sensitivity and specificity of 4D contrast-enhanced MRA for the detection of residual/recurrent dural arteriovenous fistula was 63.6% (95% CI, 40.7%-82.8%) and 96.6% (95% CI, 82.2%-99.9%), respectively. The positive and negative predictive values of 4D contrast-enhanced MRA were 93.3% (95% CI, 68.1%-99.8%) and 77.8% (95% CI, 60.8%-89.9%). Intermodality agreement for the detection and stratification of bleeding risk was good, with κ = 0.60 (95% CI, 0.3-0.8). Conclusions: 4D contrast-enhanced MRA at 3T is of interest in the follow-up of treated dural arteriovenous fistulas but lacks the sensitivity to replace arteriography.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03482256
Contributor : Jean-Christophe Ferré Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 15, 2021 - 5:52:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 4:04:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 7:37:04 PM

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Brieg Dissaux, François Eugène, Julien Ognard, Jean-yves Gauvrit, Jean-Christophe Gentric, et al.. Assessment of 4D MR Angiography at 3T Compared with DSA for the Follow-up of Embolized Brain Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: A Dual-Center Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, American Society of Neuroradiology, 2021, 42 (2), pp.340-346. ⟨10.3174/ajnr.A6903⟩. ⟨inserm-03482256⟩

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