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Early recognition of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury: lack of added value of TIMP2 IGFBP7 over short-term changes in creatinine (an observational pilot study)

Abstract : Background: For the detection of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CS-AKI), the performance of urine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (TIMP2 IGFBP7) has never been compared with that of very early changes in plasma creatinine (∆pCr). We hypothesized that, in the context of perioperative haemodilution, lack of postoperative decrease in pCr would be of honourable performance for the detection of CS-AKI. We therefore aimed at comparing these biomarkers and their kinetics (primary objective). As secondary objectives, we assessed plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (pNGAL), cystatin C (pCysC) and urea (pUrea). We also determined the ability of these biomarkers to early discriminate persistent from transient CS-AKI. Methods: Patients over 75 years-old undergoing aortic valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were included in this prospective observational study. Biomarkers were measured before/after CPB and at the sixth postoperative hour (H6). Results: In 65 patients, CS-AKI occurred in 27 (42%). ∆pCr from post-CPB to H6 (∆pCrpostCPB-H6): outperformed TIMP2 IGFBP7 at H6 and its intra- or postoperative changes: area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCROC) of 0.84 [95%CI:0.73-0.92] vs. ≤0.67 [95%CI:0.54-0.78], p ≤ 0.03. The AUCROC of pNGAL, pCysC and pUrea did not exceed 0.72 [95%CI:0.59-0.83]. Indexing biomarkers levels for blood or urine dilution did not improve their performance. Combining TIMP2 IGFBP7 and ∆pCrpostCPB-H6 was of no evident added value over considering ∆pCrpostCPB-H6 alone. For the early recognition of persistent CS-AKI, no biomarker outperformed ∆pCrpostCPB-H6 (AUCROC = 0.69 [95%CI:0.48-0.85]). Conclusions: In this hypothesis-generating study mostly testing early detection of mild CS-AKI, there was no evident added value of the tested modern biomarkers over early minimal postoperative changes in pCr: despite the common perioperative hemodilution in the setting of cardiac surgery, if pCr failed to decline within the 6 h after CPB, the development of CS-AKI was likely. Confirmatory studies with more severe forms of CS-AKI are required.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03472949
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 4:08:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 5:56:35 PM

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Karim Lakhal, Edith Bigot-Corbel, Emilie Sacchetto, Floris Chabrun, Thomas Senage, et al.. Early recognition of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury: lack of added value of TIMP2 IGFBP7 over short-term changes in creatinine (an observational pilot study). BMC Anesthesiology, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.244. ⟨10.1186/s12871-021-01387-6⟩. ⟨inserm-03472949⟩

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